Participatory mapping. Social data collection methods must be socially and culturally appropriate to the local context to be effective. The participatory mapping of ecosystem services and landscape values have been implemented using a variety of methods including self-administered mail surveys, key informant interviews, facilitated group workshops, internet panels, and self-administered, internet-based applications. These data collection methods range from low-technology participant marking on paper maps to sophisticated internet-based tools that utilize Google® maps and the latest earth imagery. Given the anticipated social and cultural differences in Norway and Poland, the current state of technology adoption, and the historic experience with public participation in protected areas governance, a plurality of social data sources will need to be used in the research.
We anticipate that self-administered, internet-based mapping of ecosystem services will be well-received in Norway and that group-facilitated workshops and key informant interviews will be the dominant form of data collection in Poland, although self-administered, internet-based mapping of ecosystem systems will also be evaluated as a tool.
Within LINKAGE we use two different approaches to organize participatory mapping: (1) internet-based PPGIS (all case studies in Norway, one experimental in Poland), (2) PPGIS by group facilitated workshops (in Poland).
The Consortium closely cooperates with an Australian partner – Prof. Gregory Brown, School of Geography Planning and Environmental Management, University of Queensland (http://www.gpem.uq.edu.au/greg-brown). Prof. Brown is one of the pioneers of PPGIS methodology in nature conservation, more information on participatory mapping and previous research can be found on his website http://www.landscapemap2.org